A hydraulic circuit is a set of interconnected components through which fluids flow. Usually hydraulic oil. By means of these elements subjected to pressure, the displacement of mechanical components is achieved, which will make our machinery or vehicle develop the functions for which they were designed.
Types of hydraulic circuits
Among the types of elements that make up the hydraulic circuit we can highlight the pump, hoses, the motor, the tank, the valves and the cylinders.
- Pump: The pump transforms mechanical energy into hydraulic energy. It is mainly used to move oil from a lower pressure area to a higher pressure area, generating flow to the circuit.
- Hoses / tubes: This element is through which the oil is transported from one element to another and is, like the valves, one of the causes of generating pressure in the circuits.
- Motor: The motor transforms kinetic energy into mechanical energy. That mechanical energy is transmitted through the shaft, which is geared to the pump.
- Deposit: The tank is the container from which the oil that will feed the circuit is extracted. And where after making a complete tour of the hydraulic circuit, it will rest until it is extracted again.
- Valve: There are many types of hydraulic valves, but their 3 possible functions are to direct, stop or start moving the oil. And they can be operated in 4 possible ways, electric, pneumatic, mechanical or hydraulic.
- Cylinder: They are in charge of converting hydraulic energy back into mechanical energy. Through the cylinders we can carry out different applications and functions, thanks to their linear movement.